List of Roman Emperors

Gladiator at the Colosseum

List of Roman Emperors

  • List of Roman Emperors
  • The dynasties and names in the list of Roman Emperors
  • List of all Roman Emperors including the usurpers
  • List of famous Roman Emperors
  • List of Roman Emperors
  • Ancient history, facts and interesting information about the Romans
 

List of Roman Emperors


List of Roman Emperors
- History, Facts and Information
The following list contains the names, dynasties and historic eras of all the Roman Emperors. The list is definitive and includes all of the usurpers. The following details outline important dates and events which help when searching the list of Roman Emperors:

  • The period of the Roman Republic lasted 509 BC 27 BC, ending with death of Julius Caesar, the Dictator
  • The first Roman Emperor was Augustus Caesar and his marked the beginning of the Roman Empire from 27 BC - AD 476
  • In 285 the Roman Empire was split in half by Diocletian - The Western Roman Empire and the other half became known as the Eastern Roman Empire or the Byzantine Empire
  • The Western Roman Empire ended officially with the abdication of Romulus Augustus on 4 September 476. Historically, his reign has been used to mark the fall of Rome and the onset of the Dark Ages and this is where the List of Roman Emperors ends

The content of this article provides interesting history, facts and information about the rulers of Ancient Rome and the Roman Empire including a full list of all of the Roman Emperors.

Timeline of Roman Emperors 

List of Roman Emperors
The content of this List of Roman Emperors category provides details, articles, facts and information about the most powerful men in the Ancient world.
 

List of Roman Emperors

Dynasty

List of Roman Emperors Names

List of Roman Emperors of the Julian-Claudian Dynasty
27 BC to AD 68
List of Roman Emperors of the Julian-Claudian Dynasty
Julius Caesar (Dictator)
Augustus Caesar
"The first Roman Emperor"
Tiberius
"The Emperor who trusted Sejanus and lived in Capri"
Caligula
"The Evil Emperor who proclaimed himself a god"
Claudius
"The bumbling Emperor who married the infamous Messalina"
Nero
"The mad tyrant who blamed the Christians for the burning of Rome"
 
The Year of the Four Emperors 68 - 69 AD Beginning of the Flavian Dynasty
 
Galba "The old man the first in the Year of the four Emperors"
Otho
"The greedy ruler who lasted just three months"
Vitellius
"The man who killed his dissolute son"
Vespasian
"The Emperor who built the Colosseum"
 
List of Roman Emperors of the Flavian Dynasty 69AD - 96ADList of Roman Emperors of the Flavian Dynasty
Vespasian

Titus "The Emperor who destroyed the temple in Jerusalem"
Domitian
"The evil emperor who murdered thousands of Christians"
 
List of Five Good Emperors
and the Nervan / Antonine Dynasty
(96192)
List of Five Good Emperors
Nerva
"The first of the Five Good Emperors"
Trajan
"The Emperor who left the legacy of Trajan's market and Column"
Hadrian
"The Emperor who built Hadrian's Wall"
Antoninus Pius
"The Excellent Emperor"
Marcus Aurelius
"The Philosopher, last of the Five Good Emperors"
 
List of Roman Emperors of the Antonine DynastyList of Roman Emperors of the Antonine Dynasty
Lucius Verus ( ruled jointly with Marcus Aurelius)
Commodus
"More savage than Domitian, more foul than Nero".
 
Year of the Five Emperors
(192 - 193)
Pertinax "The Emperor who was murdered by the Praetorian guard"
Didius Julianus
"The man who paid to become Emperor"
Pescennius Niger
"The Black Emperor" 
Claudius Albinus
"The Emperor who made a bad deal..." 
Septimius Severus "Emperor who increased the Praetorian Guards to 50,000" 
 
List of Roman Emperors of the Severan dynasty
(193 - 235)
List of Roman Emperors of the Severan dynasty
Septimius Severus
Caracalla
"The common enemy of mankind."
Geta
"The hated brother of Caracalla..."
Macrinus
"The Praetorian guard who killed Caracalla..."
Diadumenian (son of Macrinus)
"Boy-Caesar - killed when he was 10 years old"
Elagabalus
"He married a Vestal Virgin and then took a husband..."
Alexander Severus "He who revoked all former edicts against the Christians"
 
Crisis of the Third Century
Year of the Six Emperors
(238)
Start of the Barracks Emperors
(238 - 268)
Maximinus Thrax "The Thug..."
Gordian I
"The Octogenarian..." 
Gordian II
"Co-Emperor with his father"
Balbinus
"The Orator and Poet..."
Pupienus
"The Disciplinarian..."
Gordian III
"Grandson Of Gordian I and Nephew Of Gordian II"
 
List of Roman Emperors   - Barracks Emperors
(238 - 268)
List of Roman Emperors   - Barracks Emperors
Philip the Arab
"Philip and Severa - the first Christian imperial couple"  
Philip II
"The boy emperor who died in his mother's arms" 
Pacatian
"The Usurper from Bulgaria..."
Jotapian
"The Usurper from Syria..."
Trajan Decius
"One of the most cruel persecutors of the Christians"
Herennius Etruscus
"Killed by a Goth's arrow"
Hostilian
"The Emperor who died from the Plague"
Trebonianus Gallus
"The Emperor, the Plague, the Persians and the mutiny" 
Volusian
"The son who was raised to the position of Joint Emperor" 
Aemilian
"Three months as Emperor, then death"
Valerian
"The Emperor who was skinned and stuffed with manure" 
Gallienus
"Famine, Plague and the 'Thirty Tyrants"
 
List of Roman Emperors - Gallic Emperors
(260 - 273)
List of Roman Emperors - Gallic Emperors
Salonina Augusta (Empress)
Valerian II
Saloninus
Macrianus
Quietus
Regalianus
Postumus
Laelianus
Marius
Victorinus
Tetricus I
Tetricus II

 
List of Roman Emperors of the Illyrian Dynasty
(268 - 285)
List of Roman Emperors of the Illyrian Dynasty
Claudius II (Gothicus)
"He fought the Goths, the Vandals and Traitors..."
Quintillus
"Champion of the Senate"
Aurelian
"The illiterate military genius..." 
Zenobia (Empress)
"The Warrior Queen..."
Tacitus
"The Emperor who followed the Interregnum..."
Florianus
"The Emperor who ruled for 88 days..."
Probus
"The Emperor who believed that idle hands make mischief..."
Carus
"The Frugal emperor..."
Numerian
"The Emperor whose body was left to rot..."
Carinus
"The debauched Emperor suspected of incest..." 
Nigrian
"Was this infant the product of incest?"
Julian of Pannonia
"The last usurper before the Roman Empire was split..."
 
Roman Empire split into the
Western and Eastern Roman Empire in 285AD

List of Roman Emperors of the Constantinian dynasty
(285 - 364)

List of Roman Emperors of the Constantinian dynasty
Diocletian
"The Emperor who split the Roman Empire..."  
Carausius
"The Usurper Emperor of the Britannic Empire..." 
Allectus
"The second Usurper Emperor of the Britannic Empire..."
Domitius Domitianus
"The Usurper Emperor of Egypt..."
Maximianus
Constantius I
"The Emperor who recovered Brittania..."
Galerius
"Emperor who persecuted Christians and then begged for their prayers"
Severus II 
"The Emperor who was murdered at Tres Tabernae..."
Maximinus
"Killed in Tarsus with his wife and children ..."
Maxentius (usurper)
Valerius Romulus
Domitius Alexander (usurper)
"The usurper Emperor of Africa..." 
Licinius I
"The Emperor who fought against Constantine the Great..."
Licinius II
"The Son of the Emperor who plotted with the Goths..."
Valerian Valens
"The Emperor whose death formed part of a peace treaty..."
Sextus Martinianus
"Executed on orders from Constantine"
Constantine the Great
"The Christian Emperor who united the Empire..."
Crispus
"The Caesar who was falsely accused of treason..."
Constantine II
"Killed  fighting over territory with his brother..."
Constans
"The Emperor who was put to death by an ambitious soldier..."
Constantius II
"The second and worst of the sons of Constantine the Great..."
Delmatius
Hannibalianus
Magnentius
Decentius (usurper)
"The Usurper Emperor who hung himself..."
Vetranio
"The Emperor who was stripped of the purple ..."  
Nepotian
"The Emperor who had his head paraded on a spear..."
Constantius Gallus
"His pardon failed to reach the executioner..."
Julian the Apostate
"The Last non-Christian Roman Emperor..."
Jovian
"The Emperor who re-established Christianity"
 
List of Roman Emperors of the Valentinian dynasty
(364 - 394)
List of Roman Emperors of the Valentinian dynasty
Valentinian I
"The Emperor given to fits of rage..."
Valens
"The Emperor who allowed the Goths to settle on Roman territory..."
Procopius (usurper)
"The last of the Constantinian dynasty dies..."
Gratian
"The Emperor who was deserted and murdered by his soldiers..."
Valentinian II
"The Emperor who was strangled to death..."
Theodosius I
"The Emperor who resisted the Barbarians..."
Magnus (usurper)
"Was this Emperor the nephew of Old King Cole?"
Flavius Victor
"The Usurper whose mother was a Queen of the Britons..."
Eugenius
"Executed by beheading"
Arcadius
"The Emperor who hired Alaric the Goth..."
 
List of Roman Emperors of the Western Empire
(394 - 476)
List of Roman Emperors of the Western Empire
Honorius
"The End of the Gladiators and the Sack of Rome..."
Constantine III
"The Usurper Emperor who was ordained a priest..."
Constans II
"The Usurper Emperor who was betrayed by his general..."
Priscus Attalus
"The Usurper Emperor who was banished..."
Jovinus
"The Emperor who defeated at the siege of Valence..."
Sebastianus
"The Usurper Emperor whose head was sent to the imperial court..."
Constantius III
"Emperor who retrieved the western empire from disaster..."  
Ioannes
"Captured, mutilated and killed in the Roman Circus..."
Theodosius II
Valentinian III
"The Vandals were coming and so was Attila the Hun..."
Marcian
"The Emperor who refused to recognize the emperors of the West"  
Petronius Maximus
"The Assassin Emperor..."
Avitus
"The Emperor who was backed by the Visigoths..."
Leo I
"Known as 'the great Thracian' by friends, 'the Butcher' by his enemies..."
Majorian
"The Emperor who gained victories over the Franks & Vandals..." 
Libius Severus
"The Puppet Emperor who was probably poisoned..."
Anthemius
"The Emperor who believed that he was a victim of sorcery..."
Olybrius
"Pawn of Ricimer, who died of dropsy..."
Glycerius
"The Exiled Emperor ..."
Julius Nepos
"The Emperor who was killed by the man he had deposed..."
Romulus Augustus
"The Last Roman Emperor..."
 

List of Roman Emperors

Facts, Information and Definitions of the Dynasties of the Ancient Roman Emperors
Facts, Information and Definitions of the Dynasties of all of the Ancient Roman Emperors mentioned in the list of Roman Emperors

List of Roman Emperors - Julian-Claudian Dynasty - 27 BC to AD 68
The Julian-Claudian Dynasty 27 BC to AD 68. This dynasty is known as the Julio-Claudians because its Emperors belonged to the patrician families called the Julii and the Claudii. Some of the most famous of all of the emperors belonged to this dynasty including the first Roman Emperor, Augustus Caesar who was followed by Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius and Nero.

List of Roman Emperors
The Year of the Four Emperors 68 - 69 AD

The Year of the Four Emperors 68 - 69 AD and the beginning of the Flavian Dynasty. Following the suicide of Nero there was a brief period of civil war in Rome which resulted in the Year of the Four Emperors which saw the successive rise and fall of Galba, Otho and Vitellius until the final accession of Vespasian who became the first ruler of the Flavian Dynasty.  

List of Roman Emperors - Flavian Dynasty 69AD - 96AD
The Flavian Dynasty 69AD - 96AD. Vespasian who became the first ruler of the Flavian Dynasty followed by Titus and Domitian. Vespasian and his son Titus built the Roman Colosseum.

List of Roman Emperors - Five Good Emperors & Nervan / Antonine Dynasty (96192)
The Five Good Emperors and the Nervan / Antonine Dynasty (96192). The Five Good Emperors were Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. The Five Good Emperors were so named by the political philosopher, Niccolo Machiavelli who gave them this name in 1503 due to their good government and the respect given to them by the people of Rome. The Nervan and Antonine dynasty consisted of the "Five Good Emperors" (Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius) together with Lucius Verus, who ruled jointly with Marcus Aurelius, and Commodus the son of Marcus Aurelius.

List of Roman Emperors - Year of the Five Emperors (192 - 193)
The Year of the Five Emperors (192 - 193). Following the murder of Commodus Rome saw a year of turmoil and chaos in Rome. Pertinax becomes emperor but is murdered by angry soldiers. The empire is then sold to Didius Julianus who is soon ousted and Pescennius Niger is proclaimed emperor in Syria. Septimius Severus then marches on Rome and disarms the Praetorian Guard which resulted in Claudius Albinus being recognized as Caesar. He loses the power struggle with Septimius Severus who is proclaimed Emperor and begins the Severan Dynasty.

List of Roman Emperors - Severan Dynasty - (193 - 235)
The Severan dynasty (193 - 235). Septimius Severus began the Severan Dynasty which included Septimius Severus, Caracalla, Geta, Macrinus, Diadumenian (son of Macrinus), Elagabalus and Alexander Severus. The Severan Dynasty marked the end of Pax Romana (Roman peace) and ended the practice of choosing heirs based on ability rather than lineage or civil war.

List of Roman Emperors - Crisis of the Third Century (235 - 284)
The Crisis of the Third Century was the period in Roman history following the death of Alexander Severus when Rome entered into the era of Military Anarchy commonly known as the Crisis of the Third Century. During the Crisis of the Third Century not one single Emperor died of natural causes. Revolts sprung up in virtually all of the provinces and ambitious men struggled for power. During the crisis there were civil wars, street fights between the citizens of Rome and soldiers of the imperial guard,  fierce foreign enemies, plagues, famines, fire and earthquakes.

List of Roman Emperors - Year of the Six Emperors (238)
The Year of the Six Emperors (238) and the start of the Barracks Emperors. There were six emperors in 238 AD and each of them were officially recognized by the Roman Senate. Their names were Maximinus Thrax, Gordian I, Gordian II, Balbinus, Pupienus and Gordian III. By the end of the Year of the Six Emperors five had died a violent and bloody death leaving the 13 year old Gordian III as the sole Roman Emperor.

List of Roman Emperors - Barracks Emperors (238 - 268)
The "Barracks Emperors" (238 - 268) who were all military generals who seized power by force. Taxation was high, the economy was failing and Roman territories were being captured by barbarians and the Roman government was unstable. The people of Rome were in despair. The decline of Rome seemed almost inevitable. During this uncertain era and violent environment the promise of an afterlife seemed to be the only thing to hope for. And people started to turn towards a new religion, Christianity.

List of Roman Emperors - Gallic Emperors (260 - 273)
The Gallic Emperors (260 - 273). The Gallic Empire is the name given to the independent realm that existed for a brief period during the Crisis of the Third Century. The Gallic Empire consisted of the breakaway Roman provinces of Germany, Gaul, Britannia, Spain and Portugal. Finally the emperor Aurelian sought to reunite all the empire and marched against the Gallic empire. Aurelian fought against the last of the Gallic emperors. He was victorious and Tetricus and his son surrendered and the Gallic territories were restored to the empire.

List of Roman Emperors - Illyrian Emperors (268 - 285)
The Illyrian Emperors (268 - 285). The "Illyrian emperors" is the name given to the Roman emperors who governed the Roman Empire between 268 and 282. Illyria was  a region in the western part of today's Balkan Peninsula. The people for Illyria were renown for their military prowess and they became an important source of manpower for the Roman army. Because of their military strength many of the emperors from this period came from Illyria.

List of Roman Emperors - Roman Empire split Western and Eastern Roman Empire in 285AD
In 285 the Roman Empire was split in half by Diocletian - The Western Roman Empire and the other half became known as the Eastern Roman Empire or the Byzantine Empire

List of Roman Emperors - Constantinian dynasty (285 - 364)
The Constantinian dynasty (285 - 364) is named after its most famous Emperor, Constantine I. The dynasty is also called Neo-Flavian because every Constantinian emperor bore the name Flavius, similarly to the rulers of the first Flavian dynasty in the 1st century. The Constantinian dynasty ruled from the rise of Diocletian in 285 to the death of Julian the Apostate in 364.

List of Roman Emperors - Valentinian dynasty (364 - 394)
The Valentinian dynasty (364 - 394) derives its name from the first of the dynasty's Emperors - Valentinian I. Orthodox Christianity became the officially tolerated variant of the faith and the Empire became irrevocably split into two halves.

List of Roman Emperors - Western Empire (394 - 476)
The Western Empire (394 - 476) The Western Roman Empire ended officially with the abdication of Romulus Augustus on 4 September 476. Historically, his reign has been used to mark the fall of Rome, the Decline or Fall of the Roman Empire and the onset of the Dark Ages. During this period the city of Rome was sacked by the Visigoths in 410 and by the Vandals in 455 signalling the disintegration of Roman authority and the Fall of the Roman Empire. This is where the List of Roman Emperors ends.

List of Roman Emperors - Eastern Empire (Byzantine)
The Empire was to live on in the east for many centuries although it was significantly reduced in size. It became an essentially regional power which was centered on Greece and Anatolia. This medieval stage of the Roman Empire is referred to as the Byzantine Empire.

List of Roman Emperors
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List of Roman Emperors

 
List of Roman Emperors

  • List of Roman Emperors
  • The dynasties and names in the list of Roman Emperors
  • List of all Roman Emperors including the usurpers
  • List of famous Roman Emperors
  • List of Roman Emperors
  • Ancient history, facts and interesting information about the Romans

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List of Roman Emperors