History, Facts and Information about Caligula
The content of this article provides interesting history, facts and information about the Emperor Caligula and the all-powerful Caesars who ruled the empire of Ancient Rome. The word "Caesar" was originally the name of an aristocratic patrician family of ancient Rome, the most famous being the dictator Julius Caesar who seized power when Rome was still a republic. The adopted son of Julius Caesar was Augustus became the first Roman Emperor and all of the successors in the family used the name Caesar. The term became synonymous with the Roman Emperors and each succeeding emperor retained the name "Caesar" as part of their title. Refer to the comprehensive List of Roman Emperors for the names of the most famous Romans, their dynasties and the historic eras of all the Roman Emperors and usurpers. Read about the life of Caligula who can be described, or remembered, as:
"The Evil Emperor who proclaimed himself a god"
Short Biography about the life of Caligula
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of Caligula, Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.
- Name commonly known as: Caligula
- Nickname: Little Boots
- Latin Roman Name: Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
- Reigned as Roman Emperor / Caesar: 16 March 37 AD – 24 January 41 AD
- Dynasty / Historical Period: Julio-Claudian
- Place and Date of Birth: Caligula was born August 31, 12 AD
- Name of previous Emperor: His predecessor or the Emperor before Caligula was Tiberius
- Date succeeded as Emperor of Rome and circumstances of rule: 37 AD
- Family connections / Genealogy
- Name of Father: Germanicus
- Name of Mother: Agrippina the Elder
- Junia Claudilla, 33–34
- Livia Orestilla, 37 or 38
- Lollia Paulina, 38
- Caesonia, 40–41
- Children: Julia Drusilla
- Place and Date of Death: Caligula died on 24 January 41 AD in Rome
- Name of next Emperor: The successor to Caligula was Claudius
Why was Caligula famous? Accomplishments, achievements and important events:
Caius Caesar, known as Caligula, was the son of Germanicus and Agrippina and Romans hoped that he had inherited the virtues of his great father. He started his rule well recalling many exiles, abolishing various taxes and gratified the people with spectacles and gifts. However after Caligula had reigned for eight months he became severely ill. Upon his recovery his mind seemed to have been fatally injured. Caligula abandoned himself to cruelty and lust even he surpassing the vices of Tiberius. He declared himself to be a god and would often go through the streets of Rome dressed as Bacchus, Venus, or Apollo. The Roman were compelled to worship him and he made the wealthiest citizens his priests. He even conferred the consulship on his favorite horse. His extravagances soon consumed the public treasures and Caligula was forced to resort to every kind of extortion to obtain money. Having exhausted Rome and Italy, in A.D. 39 Caligula led a large army across the Alps for the purpose of plundering Gaul, where the richest citizens were put to death and their property confiscated. Caligula was assassinated in his palace January 24, A.D. 41.
Caligula and the Julian-Claudian Dynasty - 27 BC to AD 68
The Julian-Claudian Dynasty spanned 27 BC to AD 68. This dynasty is known as the Julio-Claudians because its Emperors belonged to the patrician families called the Julii and the Claudii. Some of the most famous of all of the emperors belonged to this dynasty including Julius Caesar, the Dictator and the first Roman Emperor, Octavian (Augustus) Caesar who was followed by Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius and Nero.
The content of this Caligula category in the Emperors of Ancient Rome provides free educational details, facts and information for reference and research for schools, colleges and homework.
Map of the Roman Empire c395AD illustrating the power of the Emperor