Short Biography about the life of Tiberius
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of Tiberius, Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.
Name commonly known as: Tiberius
Latin Roman Name: Tiberius Claudius Nero
Reigned as Roman Emperor / Caesar: AD 14–37 as Tiberius Caesar Augustus
Dynasty / Historical Period: Julio-Claudian
Place and Date of Birth: November 16, 42 BC in Rome
Name of previous Emperor: His predecessor or the Emperor before Tiberius was Augustus Caesar
Date succeeded as Emperor of Rome and circumstances of rule: AD14 - Tiberius and his mother Livia, were suspected of having hastened the death of Augustus Caesar through poison
Family connections / Genealogy:
*** Name of Father: Tiberius Nero
*** Name of Mother: Livia Drusilla
*** *** Vipsania Agrippina ***
*** *** Julia the Elder
*** Children: Julius Caesar Drusus
Place and Date of Death: March 16, AD 37 (age 77) at Misenum
Name of next Emperor: The successor to Tiberius was Caligula
Why was Tiberius famous? Accomplishments, achievements and important events
Tiberius was cold and unpopular in his manners, awkward and even timid in his carriage, but a master of dissimulation. The only person of whom he stood in awe was his mother Livia; but he lived in constant fear of insurrection. Aelius Sejanus, the Prefect of the Praetorians, had long been the friend and chief adviser of the emperor. Sejanus was cruel, unscrupulous, and ambitious in fact the proper instrument of a tyrant. In A.D. 27 Tiberius hid himself in the island of Capri where he built twelve villas in different parts of the island living with a few companions. No one was allowed to land upon the shores of Capri except of course Sejanus and even fishermen who broke this rule through ignorance were severely punished.
Every day, however, dispatches were brought from the continent and he still continued to direct the affairs of his vast empire. Sejanus was left to govern Rome but eventually Tiberius realised that Sejanus had become so powerful that he himself was at risk. Tiberius sent a letter to the Senate in which he denounced Sejanus as a traitor. Sejanus was flung into the Mamertine Prison, and there he was strangled in 31AD. The people of Rome threw his body into the Tiber. Great numbers of his friends or relatives perished with Sejanus, and a general massacre filled Rome with terror. Tiberius, meanwhile, seems to have become a raging madman. He put to death his niece Agrippina, with her two children and ruled over the Senate with pitiless cruelty. Tiberius died on March 16, A.D. 37. He is believed to have been smothered with a pillow. Tiberius left the empire in a prosperous condition. His cruelty, in fact, seems to have been exercised upon the great and the rich, while the people of Rome lived in relative security.
The Julian-Claudian Dynasty - 27 BC to AD 68
The Julian-Claudian Dynasty spanned 27 BC to AD 68. This dynasty is known as the Julio-Claudians because its Emperors belonged to the patrician families called the Julii and the Claudii. Some of the most famous of all of the emperors belonged to this dynasty including Julius Caesar, the Dictator and the first Roman Emperor, Octavian (Augustus) Caesar who was followed by Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius and Nero.
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