History, Facts and Information about Didius Julianus
The content of this article provides interesting history, facts and information about the Emperor Didius Julianus and the all-powerful Caesars who ruled the empire of Ancient Rome. The word "Caesar" was originally the name of the famous aristocratic patrician family of ancient Rome and became synonymous with the Roman Emperors. Refer to the comprehensive List of Roman Emperors for the names of the most famous Romans, their dynasties and the historic eras of all the Roman Emperors and usurpers. Read about the life of Didius Julianus who can be described, or remembered, as:
"The man who bought the throne"
Short Biography about the life of Didius Julianus
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of Didius Julianus, Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.
Name commonly known as: Didius Julianus
Latin Roman Name: Marcus Didius Severus Julianus
Reigned as Roman Emperor / Caesar: 28 March - 1 June 193
Dynasty / Historical Period: The Year of the Five Emperors (192 - 193)
Place and Date of Birth: Didius Julianus was born 30 January 133 in Milan
Name of previous Emperor: His predecessor or the Emperor before Didius Julianus was Pertinax
Family connections / Genealogy
Name of Father: Quintus Petronius Didius Severus
Name of Mother: Aemilia Clara
Married: Manlia Scantilla
Children: Didia Clara
Place and Date of Death: Didius Julianus died 1 June 193 in Rome
Name of next Emperor: The successor to Didius Julianus was Pescennius Niger (usurper) and Septimius Severus
Interesting facts about the life of Didius Julianus
Obtain a fast overview of the times of the Roman Emperor Didius Julianus from the following facts and information about his life. The Praetorian guard had murdered the Emperor Pertinax. The soldiers then proclaimed from the ramparts of their camp that the throne of the world would be sold at auction to the highest bidder. Didius Julianus, a wealthy Senator, who although aging was still ambitious offered about a huge bribe to each man (25,000 sesterii) for the possession of the prize. Didius Julianus was declared emperor, and, surrounded by the armed Praetorians, was carried to the Senate, who were forced to accept the selection of the soldiers. However, even the soldiers became were ashamed of their unworthy choice. The armies in the provinces rose in revolt when they received news of the auction and refused to acknowledge the authority of Didius Julianus. Claudius Albinus commanded the legions in Britain, Septimius Severus those in Pannonia, and Pescennius Niger the army of the East - all three men wanted the throne. Didius Julianus was ousted and sentenced to death. The ambitious old man was decapitated like a common criminal.
Dynasties of Roman Emperors - Year of the Five Emperors (192 - 193)
The Year of the Five Emperors (192 - 193). Following the murder of Commodus Rome saw a year of turmoil and chaos in Rome. Pertinax becomes emperor but is murdered by angry soldiers. The empire is then sold to Didius Julianus who is soon ousted and Pescennius Niger is proclaimed emperor in Syria. Septimius Severus then marches on Rome and disarms the Praetorian Guard which resulted in Claudius Albinus being recognized as Caesar. He loses the power struggle with Septimius Severus who is proclaimed Emperor and begins the Severan Dynasty.
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Map of the Roman Empire c395AD illustrating the power of the Emperor