History, Facts and Information about Titus
The content of this article provides interesting history, facts and information about the Emperor Titus and the all-powerful Caesars who ruled the empire of Ancient Rome. The word "Caesar" was originally the name of the famous aristocratic patrician family of ancient Rome and became synonymous with the Roman Emperors. Refer to the comprehensive List of Roman Emperors for the names of the most famous Romans, their dynasties and the historic eras of all the Roman Emperors and usurpers. Read about the life of Titus who can be described, or remembered, as:
"The Emperor who destroyed the temple in Jerusalem"
Short Biography about the life of Titus
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of Titus, Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.
Name commonly known as: Titus
Latin Roman Name: Titus Flavius Vespasianus
Reigned as Roman Emperor / Caesar: 24 June 79 - 13 September 81
Dynasty / Historical Period: Flavian
Place and Date of Birth: Born 30 December 39 in Rome
Name of previous Emperor: His predecessor or the Emperor before Titus was Vespasian
Family connections / Genealogy
Why was Titus famous? Accomplishments, achievements and important events: Eruption of Mount Vesuvius and the terrible destruction of Pompeii. Titus commanded a legion during the Jewish war and the successful campaign against Judea led to the capture of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Temple. The proceeds of the victory which were spent building the Colosseum in Rome.
Place and Date of Death: Titus died on 13 September 81 (aged 41) in Rome. Titus died unexpectedly and it was believed that his brother Domitian was the cause of his death.
Name of next Emperor: The successor to Titus was Domitian
Titus and the fall of Jerusalem
In A.D. 70, September 2, his son Titus took the city of Jerusalem, after a brave defense by the Jews, who were finally betrayed by their own factions. The city was totally destroyed, and nearly half a million of the Jews perished in the siege. Those who survived, being forbidden to rebuild their city, were scattered over the empire, and each Jew was compelled to pay a yearly tax of two drachmae, which was appropriated to rebuilding the Capitoline Temple. The Arch of Titus, which still exists at Rome, was erected in commemoration of the fall of Jerusalem.
The Reign of Titus
Titus was one of the most accomplished and benevolent of men. Eloquent, warlike, moderate in his desires, he was called "The love and the delight of the human race." In early life he had been thought inclined to severity, and his treatment of the Jews, at the fall of Jerusalem, does not seem in accordance with his character for humanity. But no sooner had he ascended the throne than he won a general affection. Such was the mildness of his government that no one was punished at Rome for political offences.
The Reign of Titus - Eruption of Mount Vesuvius and the Destruction of Pompeii
During the reign of Titus in A.D. 79 the violent eruption of Vesuvius occurred, together with an earthquake, by which Herculaneum, Stabiae, and Pompeii, three towns on the Bay of Naples, were all destroyed. The emperor was so touched by the sufferings of the inhabitants that he spent nearly his whole private fortune in relieving their needs.
The Reign of Titus - Fire and Pestilence
The next year after the destruction of these cities, a fire broke out in Rome, which raged for three days, desolating the finest regions of the city. The Capitoline Temple was again destroyed, together with many buildings in the Campus Martius. A pestilence followed soon after, which ravaged Rome and all Italy.
The Reign of Titus - The Colosseum
In A.D. 81 Titus dedicated the Colosseum, which was now completed, and also his famous baths in the city of Rome. Splendid games and spectacles were exhibited in honor of these events. The inauguration games at the Roman Colosseum lasted for one hundred days and during this time over 2000 gladiators and 9,000 wild animals were slaughtered.
The Reign of Titus - Agricola
Few military events occurred during this reign, the empire being perfectly quiet, except where Agricola was subduing the tribes of Scotland.
Flavian Dynasty 69AD - 96AD
The Flavian Dynasty 69AD - 96AD. Vespasian who became the first ruler of the Flavian Dynasty followed by Titus and Domitian. Vespasian and his son Titus built the Roman Colosseum.
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Map of the Roman Empire c395AD illustrating the power of the Emperor