Short Biography about the life of Claudius Albinus
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of Claudius Albinus, Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.
Name commonly known as: Claudius Albinus (Albinus)
Latin Roman Name: Decimus Clodius Septimius Albinus
Reigned as Roman Emperor / Caesar: 193 to 197 AD
Dynasty / Historical Period: The Year of the Five Emperors (192 - 193)
Place and Date of Birth: Claudius Albinus was born into an aristocratic family at Hadrumetum in Africa, c150
Name of previous Emperor: His predecessor or the Emperor before Claudius Albinus was Didius Julianus, Pescennius Niger
Place and Date of Death: Claudius Albinus died February 19, 197 in Lugdunum (Lyon, France)
Name of next Emperor: The successor to Claudius Albinus was Septimius Severus
Interesting facts about the life of Claudius Albinus
Obtain a fast overview of the times of the Roman Emperor Claudius Albinus from the following facts and information about his life. Why was Claudius Albinus famous? Accomplishments, achievements and important events. The armies in the provinces had risen in revolt when they received news that Didius Julianus had won the auction for the role of emperor and refused to acknowledge his authority as the new ruler of Rome. Claudius Albinus commanded the legions in Britain, Septimius Severus those in Pannonia, and Pescennius Niger the army of the East - all three men wanted the throne. Claudius Albinus was proclaimed emperor by the legions in Britain and Hispania (the Iberian Peninsula which comprised of modern Spain and Portugal) upon the murder of Pertinax. Septimius Severus had defeated Pescennius Niger and now turned his attention to Claudius Albinus. He had captured Rome and initially made a deal with Claudius Albinus. Septimius Severus offered the office of Emperor to Claudius Albinus, both acting as Consuls in 193AD. However, Septimius Severus had been acting in the background as Roman ruler since the death of Pertinax and wanted all of the power.
There was fierce competition between Severus and Claudius Albinus which culminated in a battle at Lugdunum (Lyon, France). Claudius Albinus was defeated and put to death. Forty-one Senators, whom he accused of having favored Albinus, were also executed together with their wives and children. Many of the Iberian provincial nobles of Spain and Gaul also shared their fate.
Dynasties of Roman Emperors - Year of the Five Emperors (192 - 193)
The Year of the Five Emperors (192 - 193). Following the murder of Commodus Rome saw a year of turmoil and chaos in Rome. Pertinax becomes emperor but is murdered by angry soldiers. The empire is then sold to Didius Julianus who is soon ousted and Pescennius Niger is proclaimed emperor in Syria. Septimius Severus then marches on Rome and disarms the Praetorian Guard which resulted in Claudius Albinus being recognized as Caesar. He loses the power struggle with Septimius Severus who is proclaimed Emperor and begins the Severan Dynasty.
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