History, Facts and Information about Hostilian
The content of this article provides interesting history, facts and information about the Emperor Hostilian and the all-powerful Caesars who ruled the empire of Ancient Rome. The word "Caesar" was originally the name of the famous aristocratic patrician family of ancient Rome and became synonymous with the Roman Emperors. Refer to the comprehensive List of Roman Emperors for the names of the most famous Romans, their dynasties and the historic eras of all the Roman Emperors and usurpers. Read about the life of Hostilian who can be described or remembered as:
"The Emperor who died from the Plague"
Short Biography about the life of Hostilian
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of Hostilian, Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.
Name commonly known as: Hostilian, the younger son of Trajan Decius
Latin Roman Name: Gaius Valens Hostilianus Messius Quintus
Reigned as Roman Emperor / Caesar: 251 with Trebonianus Gallus
Dynasty / Historical Period: Crisis of the Third Century (235 - 284). Era of the Barracks Emperors (238 - 268)
Place and Date of Birth: c230 in Serbia
Name of previous Emperor: His predecessor or the Emperor before Hostilian was his father Decius and his older brother Herennius Etruscus
Family connections / Genealogy
Why was Hostilian famous? Accomplishments, achievements and important events:
Place and Date of Death: Died of the plague in 251 in Rome
Name of next Emperor: The successors to Hostilian were Gallus and his son Volusian then Aemilian took the throne
Interesting facts about the life of Hostilian
Obtain a fast overview of the times of the Roman Emperor Hostilian from the following facts and information about his life. Herennius Etruscus and his father led the Roman army to Bulgaria against the Goths. His younger brother, Hostilian, remained in Rome and their mother, the empress Herennia Etruscilla, was named regent. Herennius Etruscus was struck by an enemy arrow and died at the age of 24 years old fighting against the Goths at the Battle of Abrittus. His father, Decius, was also killed. Hostilian aged 21 years old, together with Gallus, an experienced soldier, were now made emperors in the year 251AD. Hostilian and Gallus concluded a disgraceful, but probably necessary peace with the Goths.
Hostilian - The Plague reaches Rome
In 251AD the plague broke out in the city of Rome. This began the fifteen-year plague in the Roman Empire. The plague had already ravished North Africa and trade from this region and the Roman provinces brought the deadly virus to Europe. At its height the plague was killing 5000 people in Rome on a daily basis. Hostilian was infected by the plague and soon after died. His co-emperor Gallus and his son Volusian were defeated and slain by Aemilianus, who was himself assassinated, and Valerian, the Censor, in A.D. 253, was made emperor.
Hostilian - Crisis of the Third Century - Era of the Barracks Emperors (238 - 268)
The Crisis of the Third Century was the period in Roman history following the death of Alexander Severus when Rome entered into the era of Military Anarchy commonly known as the Crisis of the Third Century. During the Crisis of the Third Century, lasting over 50 years, not one single Emperor died of natural causes. Revolts sprung up in virtually all of the provinces and ambitious men struggled for power. During the crisis there were civil wars, street fights between the citizens of Rome and soldiers of the imperial guard, fierce foreign enemies, plagues, famines, fire and earthquakes. The "Barracks Emperors" (238 - 268) were all military generals who seized power by force. Taxation was high, the economy was failing and Roman territories were being captured by barbarians and the Roman government was unstable. During this uncertain era and violent environment the promise of an afterlife seemed to be the only thing to hope for. And people started to turn towards a new religion, Christianity.
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Map of the Roman Empire c395AD illustrating the power of the Emperor