History, Facts and Information about Trebonianus Gallus
The content of this article provides interesting history, facts and information about the Emperor Gallus and the all-powerful Caesars who ruled the empire of Ancient Rome. The word "Caesar" was originally the name of the famous aristocratic patrician family of ancient Rome and became synonymous with the Roman Emperors. Refer to the comprehensive List of Roman Emperors for the names of the most famous Romans, their dynasties and the historic eras of all the Roman Emperors and usurpers. Read about the life of Trebonianus Gallus who can be described or remembered as:
"The Emperor, the Plague, the Persians and the mutiny"
Short Biography about the life of Trebonianus Gallus
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of Gallus, Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.
Name commonly known as: Gallus or Trebonianus Gallus
Latin Roman Name: Gaius Vibius Gallus
Reigned as Roman Emperor / Caesar: Reign 251 with Hostilian and from 251 - 3 with Volusian
Dynasty / Historical Period: Crisis of the Third Century (235 - 284). Era of the Barracks Emperors (238 - 268)
Place and Date of Birth: Born 206 in Rome
Name of previous Emperor: His predecessor or the Emperor before Gallus was Decius and his older brother Herennius Etruscus
Family connections / Genealogy
Place and Date of Death: Died August 253 at Interamna (Lazio, Italy)
Name of next Emperor: The successor to Gallus and his son, Volusian was Aemilian
Interesting facts about the life of Trebonianus Gallus
Obtain a fast overview of the times of the Roman Emperor Gallus from the following facts and information about his life. Why was Gallus famous? Accomplishments, achievements and important events. The previous emperors Decius and his elder son Herennius Etruscus had died fighting against the Goths at the Battle of Abrittus. The younger son of Decius, called Hostilian was aged 21 years old and he, together with Trebonianus Gallus, who was an experienced soldier, were now made emperors in the year 251AD. Hostilian and Gallus concluded a disgraceful, but probably necessary peace with the Goths. In return for the withdrawal of the Goths, Trebonianus Gallus agreed to allow them to keep the loot and Roman prisoners gained from their incursions and to pay them an annual tribute.
Trebonianus Gallus - The Plague in Rome
That same year, in 251, the plague broke out in the city of Rome. This started the fifteen-year plague in the Roman Empire. The plague had already ravished North Africa and trade from the Roman provinces in this region brought the deadly virus to Europe. At its height the plague was killed 5000 people in Rome every day. The co-emperor of Gallus, Hostilian, was infected by the plague and soon after died. Gallus then raised his son Volusian to the position of co-emperor. The plague was creating terrible problems in the city of Rome. Gallus gained popular support with the plebs by providing proper burials for all plague victims, even those who were too poor to afford it. Romans were looking for someone to blame for the outbreak of the plague. The Christians made a perfect target the persecution of Christians once again featured in Rome and its provinces.
Trebonianus Gallus - The Persians and the Goths
Gallus, preoccupied with matters at home ignore the threat of invasion to the Eastern Frontier by the Persian King Shapur I in 252AD. Shapur defeated the Roman forces at the battle of Barbalissos and soon controlled the Roman province of Syria and in 253AD he captured Antioch. At the same time there was further problems with the Goths. The governor of Upper Moesia (modern-day Bulgaria), Aemilius Aemilianus, refused to pay the annual tribute to the Goths which had been previously agreed by Gallus. The Goths once again invaded the Lower Danube in retaliation for the Roman breach of the peace treaty. Aemilian defeated the invading Goths and his troops proclaimed him as emperor.
Trebonianus Gallus - The Coup
Aemilian immediately marched his army towards Rome. Gallus and Volusianus gathered an army and marched north to prevent Aemilian from reaching the city. Gallus requested that Publius Licinius Valerianus brought reinforcements from Germany to join his forces. But the reinforcements never arrived. Gallus tried to stall for time but in August 253 AD, camped at Interamna (Lazio, Italy), word reached Gallus that Aemilian was rapidly approaching with a large force of soldiers. The news reached the army of Gallus and Volusian and fearing defeat, the troops mutinied and the two co-emperors were murdered. The troops then declared for Aemilian who became the next emperor.
Trebonianus Gallus - Crisis of the Third Century - Era of the Barracks Emperors (238 - 268)
The Crisis of the Third Century was the period in Roman history following the death of Alexander Severus when Rome entered into the era of Military Anarchy commonly known as the Crisis of the Third Century. During the Crisis of the Third Century, lasting over 50 years, not one single Emperor died of natural causes. Revolts sprung up in virtually all of the provinces and ambitious men struggled for power. During the crisis there were civil wars, street fights between the citizens of Rome and soldiers of the imperial guard, fierce foreign enemies, plagues, famines, fire and earthquakes. The "Barracks Emperors" (238 - 268) were all military generals who seized power by force. Taxation was high, the economy was failing and Roman territories were being captured by barbarians and the Roman government was unstable. During this uncertain era and violent environment the promise of an afterlife seemed to be the only thing to hope for. And people started to turn towards a new religion, Christianity.Trebonianus Gallus
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Map of the Roman Empire c395AD illustrating the power of the Emperor