History, Facts and Information about Caracalla who ruled with Geta
The content of this article provides interesting history, facts and information about the Emperor Caracalla and the all-powerful Caesars who ruled the empire of Ancient Rome. The word "Caesar" was originally the name of the famous aristocratic patrician family of ancient Rome and became synonymous with the Roman Emperors. Refer to the comprehensive List of Roman Emperors for the names of the most famous Romans, their dynasties and the historic eras of all the Roman Emperors and usurpers. Read about the life of Caracalla the emperor who was described by Gibbon as:
"The common enemy of mankind."
Short Biography about the life of Caracalla
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of Caracalla, Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.
Name commonly known as: Caracalla
Latin Roman Name: Marcus Aurelius Septimius Bassianus Antoninus Augustus Caracalla
Nickname: The nickname Caracalla referred to the Gallic hooded tunic he habitually wore
Reigned as Roman Emperor / Caesar:
198 - 209 Caracalla reigned with Septimius Severus
February - December 211 ruled with Geta
December 211 - 8 April 217 Caracalla ruled alone
Dynasty / Historical Period: Severan
Place and Date of Birth: Born April 4, 188. Birthplace Lugdunum (Lyon, France)
Name of previous Emperor: His predecessor or the Emperor before Caracalla was Septimius Severus and initially he jointly ruled with his younger brother Geta
Family connections / Genealogy
Name of Father: Septimius Severus
Name of Mother: Julia Domna
Married: Fulvia Plautilla
Place and Date of Death: Died April 8, 217 (aged 29) Place of death near Harran, southeast Turkey
Name of next Emperor: The successor to Caracalla was Macrinus
The Sons of Septimius Severus - Caracalla and Geta
Caracalla and Geta were the sons of the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus. He hoped that they would prove worthy of the high office to which they were born. However Caracalla and Geta showed themselves incapable of any serious study or employment and were chiefly remarkable for the hatred they bore toward each other. The royal court of Septimius Severus divided into two factions, composed of the adherents of either son. Septimius Severus tried his best to remove their rivalry as he foresaw that one must fall a victim to the hatred of the other.
Interesting facts about the life of Caracalla - The death of Geta
Obtain a fast overview of the times of the Roman Emperor Caracalla from the following facts and information about his life. Septimius Severus died at York in Britain on February 4, A.D. 211. He left his empire to his two sons, Caracalla and Geta who returned to Rome, and were acknowledged by the Senate and the army as joint emperors. Caracalla and Geta were completely different in temperament. Caracalla was cruel and extremely ambitious whereas Geta had a more gentle disposition. Caracalla and Geta disagreed about everything and the situation became so bad that Caracalla and Geta planned a division of the empire, a measure which was then distasteful to all the Romans. The division was only prevented by the tears and pleading of their mother, Julia Domna. The hatred and ambition of Caracalla came to a head at the end of the year 211. Caracalla commanded his centurions to kill his brother. Geta was assassinated during the festival of Saturnalia on December 26, 211. Geta died in his mother's arms. He was only 22 years old.
The Reign and Death of Caracalla
Following the death of Geta it was reported that Caracalla ordered the deaths of twenty thousand of Geta's friends and supporters. His mother, Julia Domna, was forced to receive her guilty son with feigned smiles and words of praise. However, Caracalla was to be haunted by the death of his brother wherever he went. The cruelties of Caracalla now redoubled. He put to death Papinian, the popular Praetorian Prefect. The massacres of Caracalla filled every part of the empire with mourning and terror. In A.D. 212, to secure his popularity of the mob, Caracalla commissioned the building of the Baths of Caracalla which would become the largest public baths ever built in ancient Rome. In A.D. 213 Caracalla left the city of Rome. From this time the majority of his reign was passed in the provinces, and wherever he went he indulged himself in endless murders, confiscations, and acts of violence. He personally directed a general massacre of the people of Alexandria, who had dared to lampoon him. Caracalla watched the killings from a secure position in the Temple of Serapis. To retain the affections of his army he lavished them immense sums from his plunder of his empire. Caracalla was therefore popular with his soldiers enabling him to hold the throne. Caracalla made the decision to offer citizenship to all free inhabitants of the Roman Empire, mainly to increase the income from taxes and give the soldiers a pay rise. Eventually the tyrant Caracalla even turned against his own high ranking soldiers. He was at length assassinated on March 8, A.D. 217, near Harran in southeast Turkey, by Julius Martialis, an officer in the imperial bodyguard. The conspiracy was instigated by Macrinus, one of the Praetorian Prefects, who had discovered that the tyrant Caracalla had planned his own death.
Baths of Caracalla
Why was Caracalla famous? Accomplishments, achievements and important events. The Baths of Caracalla remain the long lasting testament to the reign of Caracalla and his own glory. In A.D. 212 Caracalla commissioned the building of the Thermae Antoninianae, named after the family name of Caracalla, which became known as the Baths of Caracalla. The Baths of Caracalla were the largest public baths ever built in ancient Rome.
Facts about the Baths of Caracalla
Interesting facts and information about the Baths of Caracalla
Fact 1: Construction of the Baths of Caracalla started in 212 AD
Fact 2: The Baths of Caracalla seated 1600 people
Fact 3: The architecture of the Baths of Caracalla was majestic including massive marble columns, fountains, gardens and beautiful sculptures.
Fact 4: The Baths of Caracalla was in fact a total leisure complex for the people of Rome. Facilities included baths, gymnasiums, libraries, gardens, art galleries, restaurants and even brothels.
Fact 5: The ritual of bathing at the Baths of Caracalla was a long and complex process:
The first activity was a hot bath in the calidarium
Second was the lukewarm tepidarium
Third was the cold frigidarium
Finally there was a swim in the natatio which was an open air swimming pool.
Fact 6: The Baths of Caracalla were built on a 27 acre complex
Fact 7: Beautiful Mosaics covered the floors and the walls of the Baths of Caracalla
Fact 8: The Baths of Caracalla boasted a highly complex water distribution system from the Aqua Marcia aqueduct
Fact 9: The Baths of Caracalla were built on three levels:
The main buildings were housed in the upper level
A lower level was used for services and heating the water
The lowest level was used for water drainage
Fact 10: The Baths of Caracalla were completed in 217AD
The Severan Dynasty (193 - 235)
Septimius Severus began the Severan Dynasty which included Caracalla, Geta, Macrinus, Diadumenian (son of Macrinus), Elagabalus and Alexander Severus. The Severan Dynasty marked the end of Pax Romana (Roman peace) and ended the practice of choosing heirs based on ability rather than lineage or civil war.
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Map of the Roman Empire c395AD illustrating the power of the Emperor