Mythology, Facts and Information about Olympian Gods
The content of this article provides interesting history, facts and information about the Olympian Gods. The principal Roman gods were the Olympian gods. The names of the Twelve major Olympian gods were Jupiter, Juno, Minerva, Vesta, Ceres, Diana, Venus, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Vulcan and Apollo. According to Roman Mythology the Twelve Olympian gods gained their supremacy in the world of gods after Jupiter led his brothers to victory in war with the Titans. The Titans were the children of Earth and Heaven who sprang from Chaos, the mother of the Titans. The Titans consisted of six sons and six daughters, the one-hundred-armed giants (Hecatonchires) and the one-eyed giants, the Cyclopes.
The Mythology surrounding the Olympian Gods
According to mythology the home of the gods was on the summit of Mount Olympus, in Thessaly. A gate of clouds opened to permit the passage of the Roman gods to earth, and to receive the gods on their return. The Olympian gods had their separate dwellings but all, when summoned, went to the palace of Jupiter on Mount Olympus, as did also those deities whose usual abode was the earth, the sea or the underworld. It was also in the great hall of the palace of the Jupiter the king of the gods where the Olympian gods feasted each day on ambrosia and nectar, their food and drink. It was in the palace on Mount Olympus that the Olympian gods and goddesses discussed the affairs of heaven and earth. As they feasted upon their nectar, Apollo, the god of music, delighted the Roman gods with the tones of his lyre, to which the muses sang in responsive strains. When the sun was set, the Olympian gods retired to sleep in their respective dwellings on Mount Olympus.
Symbols of the Olympian Gods
Various symbols were associated with the Olympian Gods. The symbols of the Olympian gods related to symbols relating to animals, symbols relating to objects and symbols relating to the specific attributes of each of the Olympian gods. The following table details all of the symbols associated with the Olympians: Jupiter, Juno, Minerva, Vesta, Ceres, Diana, Venus, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Vulcan and Apollo.
Table of Olympian Gods & Goddesses and their Symbols
Names of the Olympian Gods
|Attributes and Jurisdictions|
of the Olympian Gods
|Animal Symbols of the Olympian Gods||Object Symbols of the Olympian Gods|
|Apollo||God of the sun, music, medicine and healing, archery and prophecy||Snake, laurel and hyacinth ||The golden lyre|
|Ceres||Goddess of Agriculture||Wheat seed ||Cornucopia, the horn of plenty|
|Diana||Goddess of Hunting||Deer||Cypress tree|
|Juno||Goddess of Marriage||Cow and Peacock || |
|Jupiter aka Jove||The King of the Gods and the God of the sky||Eagle, bull, oak||Thunderbolt|
|Mars||God of War||Vulture, wolf||A bloody spear and sacred shields (ancilia)|
|Mercury||Messenger of the Gods and Finance|| ||Winged sandals, a winged hat and carried a magic wand.|
|Minerva||Goddess of Wisdom||Owl, snake||Olive tree|
|Neptune||God of the Sea||Bull, horse||The trident|
|Venus||Goddess of Love and Beauty||Doves, swans||The rose and the myrtle and a Seashell|
|Vesta||Goddess of the Hearth, the Home and the Roman state|| ||The sacred Eternal flame|
|Vulcan||God of Fire, the Forge and Blacksmiths|| ||The forge and the anvil|
|Names of the Olympian Gods||Attributes and Jurisdictions|
of the Olympian Deities
|Animal Symbols of the Olympian Deities||Object Symbols of the Olympian|
Table of Olympian Gods and their Symbols
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