Mythology surrounding Ceres
The mythology and information about the Roman Goddess Ceres
A major deity and one of the 12 Olympian Gods
Jurisdiction: Ceres was described as being the Roman Goddess of agriculture and abundance ***
Mythology: Mythical Family Tree or Relatives: Ceres was believed to be the Earth Goddess. Ceres was the daughter of Saturn and Opis and the sister of Jupiter, Pluto, Neptune, Vesta and Juno
Depiction / Description / Symbol: the wheat seed and grains and the cornucopia, the horn of plenty symbolising abundance ***
Name of equivalent Greek Goddess: Demeter
Sacrifices and Festivals of the Roman Goddess Ceres
The Cerealia festival was celebrated on on the 19th April in honor of the earth-goddess Ceres and connected with the growth of corn ***
She was personified and celebrated by women in secret rituals at the festival of Ambarvalia, held during May
The completion of the sowing was celebrated in December with Paganalia, associated with the earth-goddesses, Ceres and Tellus ***
Sacrifices to Ceres - During sacrifices to the Roman gods the sex of the victim had to correspond to the sex of the god to whom it was offered. White animals were given to the gods of the upper world whereas black victims to the gods of the underworld
Roman History and Information about Ceres
There was a temple to Ceres on the Aventine Hill in the city of Rome and her official priest was called a flamen. The word cereals derives from the name of the goddess Ceres due to her association with edible grains.
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