Colosseum Glossary of Terms

Gladiator at the Colosseum

Colosseum Glossary of Terms

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Colosseum Glossary of Terms


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The content of this article provides interesting history, facts and information about Colosseum Glossary of Terms. Learning about the Colosseum can prove quite difficult due to the various Latin words used in association with this ancient monument to the power and cruelty that was Ancient Rome. Just glancing through this Colosseum Glossary of Terms with helpful facts, definitions and descriptions will help provide useful information from which more detailed descriptions can be accessed. If you know the word or the term you can look it up! 

Colosseum Glossary of Terms
This useful Colosseum Glossary of Terms provides useful definitions and descriptions of many of the words and terms specifically connected to the Flavian Amphitheatre - The Roman Colosseum: 
 

Colosseum Glossary of Terms

Acta DiurnaThe Acta Diurna (meaning Daily Acts) was the Roman daily paper which contained news of gladiatorial contests
 
AmphitheatreAmphitheatre: The amphitheatres were round or oval in shape. Their design was taken from joining two half circle wooden theatres together (the word "amphi" means 'both sides')
 
ArenaThe arena was the area of the Colosseum where the events were held which was separated from the seating areas by a massive wall, faced with marble
 
ArmamentariumArmamentarium: an armory to store weapons
 
Bisellium: A richly ornamented seat of honor at the games
 
CaveaCavea definition: The sloping floor and the seating area of the Colosseum which was divided into four main sections of seating stretching up and back from the edge of the arena
 
ClipeaClipea: A series of decorative bronze shields around the top stories of the Colosseum that were added by the Emperor Domitian
 
Cloaca MaximaCloaca Maxima: the main sewerage system of Rome
 
ColosseumColosseum: The name Colosseum (taken from the Latin word 'colosseus' meaning colossal) in reference to the gigantic statue of the Emperor Nero which had been previously erected near the site of the Colosseum
 
Corinthian ColumnsCorinthian Columns: The most ornate column on the third level of the Colosseum characterized by a slender fluted column having an ornate bell-shaped capital decorated with acanthus leaves
 
CuneiCunei definition: The main sections were subdivided into wedges (wedge-shaped sections) called cunei
 
DomitianDomitian: The Emperor and younger son of Vespacian who added the Hypogeum and the top tier to the Colosseum
 
Domus AureaDomus Aurea: The palace of Nero was called the Domus Aurea (Latin for "Golden House")
 
Doric ColumnsDoric Columns: The simplest column on the first level of the Colosseum characterized by heavy fluted columns with plain, saucer-shaped capitals and base
 
EuripiEuripi: A large ditch (euripi) surrounding the arena providing protection from wild animals
 
Flavian AmphitheatreFlavian Amphitheatre: Flavian Amphitheatre was originally given this name due to it being built by Titus Flavius Vespasianus (Emperor Vespasian) who founded the Flavian dynasty
 
GradusGradus definition: Rows of seats
 
HarenaHarena: Meaning sand in Latin, which covered the floor of the arena from which the word arena was derived - a reference to the thick layer of sand on the floor for the purpose of soaking up the blood
 
HonoriusHonorius: The Emperor Honorius, finally decreed the end of gladiatorial contests in 399 AD
 
HypogeumHypogeum Definition: The area beneath the Colosseum was called the Hypogeum (meaning underground). The hypogeum consisted of two-level subterranean network of tunnels and 32 animal pens. It had 80 vertical shafts which provided instant access to the arena for animals and scenery
 
Imperial BoxImperial Box: A raised Imperial Box located on the podium (meaning place of honor) reserved for the Emperor and his family. The imperial Box was located at the north side of the arena
 
Ionic ColumnsIonic Columns: On the second level of the Colosseum, characterized by two opposed volutes (a spiral scroll-like ornament) in the capital
 
LanistaLanista: Gladiator Trainer
 
Ludus MagnusLudus Magnus: Gladiator School next to the Colosseum
 
MaenianaMaeniana definition: Sections of the Colosseum
 
Maenianum primumMaenianum primum: Seating reserved for the non-senatorial noble class called the Equites
 
Maenianum secundum imumMaenianum secundum imum - the better, lower seats for the wealthy plebeians
 
Maenianum secundum summumMaenianum secundum summum - the upper seats for the poor plebeians
 
Maenianum summum in ligneisMaenianum summum in ligneis: Consisted of wooden seats which were set up in the gallery running around the very top wall of the amphitheatre
 
MuneraMunera: Funeral games were held annually or every five years for the purpose of keeping the dead person's memory alive
 
NaumachiaeNaumachiae: Naval battles held in the Colosseum
 
Podium Podium definition: The podium was the terrace, a broad platform  about 15ft wide, situated at the top of the wall, which surrounded the arena and afforded the best views of the arena. The seating on the podium was moveable seats, or chairs
 
Porta LibitinensisPorta Libitinensis: Gate of Death)
 
Porta SanavivariaPorta Sanavivaria. The Gate of Life where those who had been defeated but spared would exit the arena
 
Porta TriumphalisPorta Triumphalis: Gate through which the victors would exit the arena
 
PraecinctionesPraecinctiones definition: Curved passages and low walls which separated the sections
 
PulvinarPulvinar: Imperial Box
 
SaniariumSaniarium: Where wounded gladiators were taken
 
StuccoStucco: A durable finish for exterior walls, usually composed of cement, sand, and lime and applied while wet
 
Summum ChoragiumSummum Choragium: Where machinery used in the Colosseum was stored
 
TelemachusTelemachus: An Egyptian monk named Telemachus whose martyrdom was instrumental in ending the gladiator combats
 
TitusTitus: The Emperor and son of Vespasian who completed the building of the Colosseum and presided over its opening
 
TravertineTravertine: A sedimentary stone made essentially of calcite
 
TufaTufa: A rock composed of compacted volcanic ash varying in size from fine sand to coarse gravel
 
VelariumVelarium: A Retractable Awning called the Velarium provided cover and shade in the Colosseum
 
VenationesVenationes: An imitation of the wild animal hunts
 
VespasianVespasian: The Emperor who commissioned the building of the Colosseum
 
VespasianoVespasiano: Public toilets
 
Vestal Virgin BoxVestal Virgin Box: Located on the podium on the south side of the arena
 
VomitariaVomitaria definition: The Entrances to the Colosseum led to the vomitaria which were passages to the seats

Colosseum Glossary of Terms

Colosseum Glossary of Terms
The content of this Colosseum Glossary of Terms category on life in Ancient Rome provides free educational details, facts and information for reference and research for schools, colleges and homework. Refer to the Colosseum Sitemap for a comprehensive search on interesting different categories containing the history, facts and information about Ancient Rome. Just like the subject of Colosseum Glossary of Terms there is hardly a page of Roman history and the Romans that is not, on some way, connected to the Roman Colosseum which became a symbol of Rome, its society, culture and life.

Colosseum Glossary of Terms

 

 
Colosseum Glossary of Terms

  • History, Facts and information in the Colosseum Glossary of Terms
  • Words, terms, definitions and descriptions in the Colosseum Glossary of Terms
  • The society, culture and life of the Romans - Colosseum Glossary of Terms
  • The Romans and life in Ancient Rome Colosseum Glossary of Terms
  • Colosseum Glossary of Terms
  • Ancient history, facts and interesting information in the Colosseum Glossary of Terms

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Colosseum Glossary of Terms